Inverted Row: Simple Body Weight Exercise To Tone Your Back

Graphic image of a fit woman performing Inverted Row.

Inverted Row are most certainly an excellent exercise to tone your back. Are you trying to acquire excellent form and tone up your Deltoids, Erector Spinae, Infraspinatus, Latissimus Dorsi, Rhomboids, Teres Major, Teres Minor, and Trapezius? You should use this step-by-step tutorial to start right now.

Inverted Row Summary

  • Primary Muscles: Deltoid – Posterior
  • Secondary Muscles: Brachialis, Brachioradialis, Pectoralis Major – Sternal
  • Equipment: Barbell and Rack
  • Mechanics Type: Compound
  • Force: Pull
  • Utility: Basic or Auxiliary
Graphic image of a fit woman performing alternate cable triceps extensions.

Inverted Row Instructions

  • Lay on your back under the fixed horizontal bar.
  • Grab the bar with a wide overhand grip.
  • Keep your body straight. Pull your body up to the bar.
  • Return until by extending your arms and shoulders.
  • Continue your Inverted Row for a complete set.

Video Tutorial

How to do Inverted Rows

Inverted Row Muscles

Target (Agonist)

  • Deltoid – Posterior
  • Erector Spinae
  • Infraspinatus
  • Latissimus Dorsi
  • Rhomboids
  • Teres Major
  • Teres Minor
  • Trapezius


  • Brachialis
  • Brachioradialis
  • Pectoralis Major – Sternal

Dynamic Stabilizers

  • Biceps Brachii
  • Triceps – Long Head


  • Obliques
  • Quadriceps
  • Rectus Abdominis

Antagonist Stabilizers

  • None
Image of the skeletal muscular system with the muscles used in the inverted row exercise highlighted in red and the rest in blue.

Benefits of Inverted Row

The inverted row is an effective exercise for strengthening the posterior deltoid muscle. This exercise targets the back of the shoulder, helping to develop strength, stability, and improve posture. The inverted row is also beneficial for improving shoulder mobility and range of motion, which can help reduce the risk of shoulder injury. Additionally, this exercise can also help build strength in the core and upper back muscles, increasing overall muscular endurance.

Tips for Performing Inverted Row

You’ve landed at the right location if you desire to forge ahead your capability to conduct inverted row. These tips can allow you to benefit fully from this first-class exercise and make the best of its results. Concurrently with shaping your upper back muscles, improving movability, and also a reduced possibility of injury can all be accomplished with this exercise. Let’s get begin and look at what these tips can accomplish for you.

  • Make sure to keep your body in a straight line during the exercise – This will ensure that you are using your back muscles to the fullest and avoiding any injury.
  • Make sure to squeeze your shoulder blades together at the top of the movement – This will help strengthen your back and give you more control over the motion.
  • Keep your breathing steady throughout the exercise – This will help you maintain proper form and avoid straining your body too much.

Benefits and Tips Video

Inverted Row Guide | Form Tips, Muscles Worked, and Mistakes

Frequent Mistakes To Avoid

Staying away from errors can be the difference between a productive workout and a painful injury when executing inverted row. Additionally, to maximize your benefits of the exercise, proper form is required. Through preventing these common mistakes, you may improve your performance and get the results you want. But relax, it’s not as challenging as it might seem. By knowing the errors to avert and taking the appropriate actions, you can execute the activity securely and successfully. Let’s start by avoiding these typical errors and add this exercise to your training regimen.

  • Not engaging the core muscles: Many people make the mistake of not engaging their core muscles while performing an Inverted Row. This can cause them to not get the full benefit of the exercise and can potentially lead to injury.
  • Going too low: Another mistake people make when doing Inverted Rows is going too low, which can strain the back muscles and put too much stress on the body.
  • Not using proper form: Using improper form when performing an Inverted Row can lead to incorrect muscle activation and can cause strain and injury. Taking the time to practice proper form is key to getting the most out of this exercise.

Variations and Complementary Exercises

There are several variations, complementary, and alternative exercises that can be done to work the same muscles as the Inverted Row. These can be used to add more variety to your workout, or they can be done when an Inverted Row isn’t possible. Let’s take a look at some of the exercises you can do instead of an Inverted Row.

Graphic image of Reverse Grip Bent Over Dumbbell Row.

Reverse Grip Bent Over Dumbbell Row: The Reverse Grip Bent Over Dumbbell Row is an excellent complementary exercise to the Inverted Row. It is a pulling exercise that works the same muscles as the Inverted Row, but with a different emphasis. It primarily works the upper back and biceps, while also working the shoulders and core muscles. It is an effective alternative exercise to the Inverted Row because it allows for a greater range of motion and works the muscles in a different way. The Reverse Grip Bent Over Dumbbell Row also requires more balance than the Inverted Row, further engaging the core muscles and providing a more challenging workout.

Graphic image of Bent Over Rotating Dumbbell Row.

Bent Over Rotating Dumbbell Row: The Bent Over Rotating Dumbbell Row is a complementary or alternative exercise for the Inverted Row. This exercise is done by holding a pair of dumbbells in each hand, bending forward at the hips, and then rowing the weights back up to your chest while rotating your arms outwards. This exercise targets the back muscles, as well as the biceps, shoulders and core muscles. The Inverted Row is an excellent exercise for developing upper body strength, but the Bent Over Rotating Dumbbell Row adds an additional challenge to the workout by requiring the use of stabilizing muscles throughout the movement. This variation also allows you to work each arm independently, which can help improve muscular balance and symmetry.

Graphic image of Bent Over Dumbbell Row.

Bent Over Dumbbell Row: The Bent Over Dumbbell Row is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Inverted Row. This exercise targets the same muscles, including the lats, biceps, and rear deltoids, and requires a similar strength and stability from the core and lower body. To perform the Bent Over Dumbbell Row, stand with feet shoulder-width apart and lean forward at the hips while holding a pair of dumbbells. Pull the dumbbells up to your sides, keeping your elbows close to your body and squeezing your shoulder blades together at the top of the movement. This exercise is an effective way to build strength and balance in the upper body while providing a slightly different challenge than the Inverted Row.

Check Out These Top Bodyweight Exercises

Graphic image of Seated Underhand Cable Row.

Seated Underhand Cable Row: The Seated Underhand Cable Row is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Inverted Row. This exercise works the same muscles as the Inverted Row, such as the lats and rhomboids, but from a seated position. To perform this exercise, sit on a bench with a cable row machine and grasp the handle with an underhand grip. Keeping your back straight and your core engaged, pull the handle towards your abdomen and slowly return to the starting position. This exercise is great for strengthening your upper back, shoulders, and arms.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Lateral Raise.

Dumbbell Lateral Raise: The Dumbbell Lateral Raise is an effective exercise to work the shoulder muscles and is a great complement or alternative to the Inverted Row. The Dumbbell Lateral Raise focuses on the lateral deltoids, which are the muscles on the outside of the shoulder. To perform this exercise, you start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart and a dumbbell in each hand. Then, raise the dumbbells up to shoulder height with your palms facing the ground. Be sure to keep your elbows slightly bent and keep your chest up throughout the movement. This exercise not only helps build strength in the shoulder muscles, but it also helps improve posture and stability.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover.

Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover: The Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover is an excellent complementary or alternative exercise to the Inverted Row. It targets the same primary muscles as the Inverted Row, including the lats, rhomboids, and lower traps, while also providing a greater range of motion. The Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover also works the chest and core muscles more than the Inverted Row does, making it a great exercise for strengthening the entire upper body. Additionally, the Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover can be done with a lighter weight than the Inverted Row, making it more accessible to those who may not have access to heavier weights.

Opposing Complementary Exercises

Performing exercises that work the opposing muscle groups is an effective way to maximize your workout and prevent injury. These exercises will help you build a strong, balanced physique and improve your overall strength. Here are some exercises that complement the exercise Inverted Row by using opposing muscle groups:

Graphic image of Close Grip Push Up On Knees.

Close Grip Push Up On Knees: The Close Grip Push Up On Knees is an excellent complementary exercise to the Inverted Row. This exercise primarily works the triceps, which are the opposing muscle group to the back muscles worked in the Inverted Row. It is important to have a balanced upper body workout and doing these two exercises together will help you achieve this. The Close Grip Push Up On Knees will help to strengthen your triceps and give you more control and strength when doing the Inverted Row.

Graphic image of Close Grip Push Up.

Close Grip Push Up: The close grip push up is a great exercise to complement the inverted row, as it works the opposing muscle group. This exercise focuses on the chest, triceps, and shoulder muscles. It involves placing your hands closer together than a regular push up and pushing yourself up and down. As the inverted row works the back, biceps and core, this exercise provides an effective countermovement for more balanced development of the upper body. With regular practice, you will be able to build strength and endurance in both exercises.

Graphic image of Lever Pec Deck Fly (Machine).

Lever Pec Deck Fly (Machine): The Lever Pec Deck Fly machine is an excellent tool to complement the exercise of Inverted Row. By using the opposing muscle group, this machine will help strengthen the chest and back muscles. The Lever Pec Deck Fly works by having the user sit in the seat and grab the handles while pushing them away from each other, simulating a pec fly movement. This movement helps to strengthen the chest and can be used to increase the difficulty of Inverted Row exercises. The Lever Pec Deck Fly is a great way to ensure that both the chest and back muscles are getting an equal amount of attention, ensuring that an even and balanced physique is achieved.


The Inverted Row is a great exercise that can be done anywhere and provide a full body workout. It’s simple to learn and easy to master. It targets multiple muscles including the lats, traps, triceps, biceps, and core. Plus, it also helps build strength and stability in the upper body. With a few tips and tricks, you can get the most out of your inverted row workout and make sure you don’t make any common mistakes. So if you’re looking to get fit, then why not give the inverted row a try? And if you’re looking for more fitness tips, then make sure to check out our other fitness articles!

References: Wikipedia | |

Pin image for inverted row post. With an image of a woman performing the exercise on Top and a graphic of the exercise on the Bottom.

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