Close Grip Chin Up: Advanced Bodyweight Exercise For Back Development

Feature image for close grip chin up post. With an image of a man performing the exercise on left and a graphic of the exercise on the right.

Close Grip Chin Up undeniably is an ideal exercise to shape your lats. Are you searching to use excellent form and get stronger Latissimus Dorsi? You’ll want to begin using our how-to tutorial to get going today.

Close Grip Chin Up Summary

  • Primary Muscles: Latissimus Dorsi
  • Secondary Muscles: Brachialis, Brachioradialis, Deltoid – Posterior, Infraspinatus, Levator Scapulae, Pectoralis Major-Sternal, Pectoralis Minor, Rhomboids, Teres Major, Teres Minor, Trapezius – Lower, and Trapezius – Middle
  • Equipment: Pull Up Bar
  • Mechanics Type: Compound
  • Force: Pull
  • Utility: Basic
Graphic image of a fit man performing alternate cable triceps extensions.

Close Grip Chin Up Instructions

  • Step up and grab the bar with a narrow-width grip, hands close to touching.
  • Pull your body up until your chin is over the bar.
  • Then, lower your body until your arms and shoulders are fully extended.
  • Repeat your Close Grip Chin-Up for a full set.

Video Tutorial

Close Grip Chin Up Technique

Close Grip Chin Up Muscles

Target (Agonist)

  • Latissimus Dorsi


  • Brachialis
  • Brachioradialis
  • Deltoid – Posterior
  • Infraspinatus
  • Levator Scapulae
  • Pectoralis Major – Sternal
  • Pectoralis Minor
  • Rhomboids
  • Teres Major
  • Teres Minor
  • Trapezius – Lower
  • Trapezius – Middle

Dynamic Stabilizers

  • Biceps Brachii
  • Triceps – Long Head


  • Deltoid – Anterior
  • Levator Scapulae
  • Trapezius – Middle
  • Trapezius – Upper
  • Wrist Flexors

Antagonist Stabilizers

  • None
Image of the skeletal muscular system with the muscles used in the close grip chin up exercise highlighted in red and the rest in blue.

Benefits of Close Grip Chin Up

The close grip chin up is a great exercise for targeting the Latissimus Dorsi muscle. It works the entire back muscle group, including the Latissimus Dorsi, as well as the biceps and triceps. This exercise helps to increase overall upper body strength and can even help with posture. By performing the close grip chin up, you will be able to build strength and size in the Latissimus Dorsi muscle, which can help improve your overall body composition and performance. Additionally, this exercise will help improve your grip strength, which is essential for many strength training and fitness activities.

Tips for Performing Close Grip Chin Up

You’ve landed at the right location if you desire to advance your capability to conduct close grip chin up. These tips can enable you to benefit fully from this wonderful exercise and maximize its effects. In addition to building your lats muscles, improving movability, and even a reduced possibility of injury can all be achieved with this exercise. Let’s get started and explore how these tips will benefit you.

  • Keep your palms facing you: This will help to engage your back and biceps more, giving you a better burn and helping you to get more out of the exercise.
  • Use a full range of motion: Make sure to go all the way up and all the way down in order to maximize the benefits of the exercise.
  • Don’t rush it: Take your time and control your movements, so that you get the most out of each rep. Doing this will help you build muscle and strength faster.

Benefits and Tips Video

Close Grip Chin Ups

Frequent Mistakes To Avoid

Staying away from errors can mean the distinction between a productive training session and an injury when performing close grip chin up. From improper form to not engaging your core, these errors can reduce the productiveness of the exercise and can even raise your risk for injury. But relax, it’s not quite as difficult as it might seem. By knowing the errors to avert and taking the appropriate actions, you may complete the exercise securely and successfully. Let’s begin by avoiding these typical errors and incorporating this exercise to your exercise regimen.

  • Not using proper form – Many people make the mistake of not using proper form when performing the Close Grip Chin Up, leading to a decreased range of motion and less effective exercise.
  • Not focusing on the muscles used – It is important to focus on the specific muscles used during the Close Grip Chin Up to ensure that they are being worked effectively, but many people neglect this.
  • Not taking the time to warm up – People often forget to warm up their muscles before performing the Close Grip Chin Up, resulting in injury and a decreased effectiveness of the exercise.

Variations and Complementary Exercises

If you are looking for other exercises to switch up your workout routine, or if you want to focus on different muscle groups, there are a few variations, complementary, and alternative exercises to the Close Grip Chin Up. Below is a list of some of these exercises that you can incorporate into your workout.

Graphic image of Close Grip Lat Pulldown.

Close Grip Lat Pulldown: Close Grip Lat Pulldown is a great exercise for developing upper back strength and targeting the latissimus dorsi. It is an ideal alternative or complementary exercise to the Close Grip Chin Up. The Close Grip Lat Pulldown puts less strain on the elbows and shoulders than the Chin Up, making it a safer option for those with existing joint issues. The movement also allows you to focus on the upper back muscles more, as the Chin Up tends to put a greater emphasis on the biceps. It can be performed using either a cable machine or a resistance band. If using a cable machine, you will want to use a close grip on the bar and pull it down towards your chest. If using a resistance band, you will want to place your hands close together and pull them down towards your chest while keeping your elbows close to your sides.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover.

Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover: The Dumbbell Straight Arm Pullover is a great complementary exercise for the Close Grip Chin Up. This exercise targets the same muscles as the chin up and works to increase strength in the arms, shoulders, chest, and back. The Straight Arm Pullover also helps to improve posture and stability while engaging the core and upper body. This exercise can also be an alternative exercise for those who cannot perform the Close Grip Chin Up or simply want to work on different muscles.

Graphic image of Narrow Parallel Grip Chin Up.

Narrow Parallel Grip Chin Up: Narrow Parallel Grip Chin Up is a great alternative or complementary exercise for Close Grip Chin Up. It involves gripping the bar with hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and pulling the body up towards the bar. This exercise targets the muscles in the back, biceps, and core, which helps to build strength and stability. Unlike Close Grip Chin Up, Narrow Parallel Grip Chin Up does not place as much emphasis on the biceps and provides a greater challenge for the back and core muscles. This exercise can help to improve posture, strengthen the arms and core, and increase overall upper body strength.

Check Out These Top Bodyweight Exercises

Graphic image of Rear Pull Up.

Rear Pull Up: Rear Pull Up is a great complementary or alternative exercise to Close Grip Chin Up as it works the same muscles in the upper body. This exercise targets the back muscles, biceps, and triceps while also engaging the core muscles. To perform a Rear Pull Up, you hold a bar with an overhand grip and pull your chest up towards the bar while keeping your elbows close to your body. Your back should remain straight throughout the movement, and you should focus on squeezing your shoulder blades together at the top of the movement. This exercise is great for developing upper body strength and improving overall posture.

Graphic image of V Bar Lateral Pulldown.

V Bar Lateral Pulldown: The V Bar Lateral Pulldown is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Close Grip Chin Up. This exercise involves sitting on a bench with a v-shaped bar attached to a cable. The user then grasps the bar with an overhand grip, keeping their arms close to their body, and pulls the bar down towards their chest in a slow, controlled manner. This exercise activates the back muscles and helps to build strength and size. It also improves posture and is a great exercise for improving grip strength.

Graphic image of Assisted Close Grip Underhand Chin Up.

Assisted Close Grip Underhand Chin Up: The Assisted Close Grip Underhand Chin Up is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Close Grip Chin Up. This exercise uses the same basic movement pattern, but places the palms facing up instead of down. This position helps to target the biceps more than the Close Grip Chin Up and can help to build strength in that area. Additionally, using an assisted pull-up machine or a band can help to reduce the amount of strain placed on the muscles and make the exercise more accessible. The Assisted Close Grip Underhand Chin Up is a great way to target and strengthen the biceps while avoiding some of the strain associated with traditional chin ups.

Opposing Complementary Exercises

In addition to the Close Grip Chin Up, it is important to include other exercises that target opposing muscle groups in order to balance out your strength and maintain good form. The following exercises will help to build a well-rounded workout routine for your upper body:

Graphic image of Dumbbell Arnold Press.

Dumbbell Arnold Press: The Dumbbell Arnold Press is a great exercise to complement the Close Grip Chin Up. It works the shoulders and chest in the opposite way, activating the back of the shoulder and targeting the front of the chest. It is an excellent way to develop shoulder strength and stability, while also challenging the core muscles to maintain balance and stability. This exercise can be performed with one or two dumbbells and can be adjusted in order to increase or decrease the intensity of the exercise. The Dumbbell Arnold Press is a great way to work the opposing muscle group to the Close Grip Chin Up, allowing for a well-rounded shoulder workout.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Cuban Press.

Dumbbell Cuban Press: The Dumbbell Cuban Press is an excellent complementary exercise to the Close Grip Chin Up. This upper body move works the opposing muscle group of the lats and biceps, targeting the deltoids and triceps. The exercise involves pressing two dumbbells up to shoulder height while simultaneously rotating them externally until they are above the head. This combination of press and rotation helps to strengthen the shoulders and arms while improving stability and core strength. When combined with the Close Grip Chin Up, these two exercises create a well-rounded workout that can help to improve overall upper body strength.

Graphic image of Dumbbell One Arm Shoulder Press.

Dumbbell One Arm Shoulder Press: The Dumbbell One Arm Shoulder Press is a great exercise to complement the Close Grip Chin Up. It works the opposing muscle group of the shoulder, primarily targeting the deltoids and triceps, while the Close Grip Chin Up works the lats and biceps. Both exercises work to strengthen the upper body and improve overall balance and stability. When done together, they provide a complete upper body workout that will help build strength and muscle mass.


Overall, the close grip chin up is a great exercise to help you get fit. It uses a lot of muscles, provides plenty of benefits, and with the help of the tips and mistakes outlined in this article, you should be on your way to a stronger upper body in no time! So what are you waiting for? Get to the gym, and start doing those chin ups! And if you want to learn more about fitness and exercises, make sure you keep reading our articles!

References: Wikipedia | |

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