Barbell Low Bar Squat: Your Quick Guide To Proper From

Barbell Low Bar Squat Exercise - Your Quick Guide To Proper From

Are you looking to get fit and feel great? You can do both with the Barbell Low Bar Squat! This great exercise is an excellent choice for anyone looking to develop strength, balance, and flexibility. It also works a variety of muscles throughout your body and can help you build a strong, powerful physique. In this article, we’ll go over the basics of the Barbell Low Bar Squat, discuss the benefits it offers, show you which muscles it works, give you some tips for proper form and execution, and point out some common mistakes to avoid. So if you’re ready to get fit and feel amazing, let’s get started!

Barbell Low Bar Squat Summary

  • Primary Muscles: Quadriceps
  • Secondary Muscles: Adductor Magnus, Gluteus Maximus, and Soleus
  • Equipment: Barbell
  • Mechanics Type: Compound
  • Force: Push
  • Utility: Basic
Graphic image of a fit man performing alternate cable triceps extensions.

Barbell Low Bar Squat Instructions

  • A low bar squat has the bar resting further down on your traps. You will positioning the bar lower so you will not pivot at your hips as much as you would for high bar squats to keep the bar directly over your feet.
  • To setup, position the bar on the middle of your traps, you can make a stable base by squeezing your traps like your are trying to pull the bar together.
  • After you have a stable base for the bar to rest on, un-rack the bar and step into a good position standing, your feet directly under your hips pointed slightly out, and your knees over your feet.
  • Squat down by rotating at your hips and knees simultaniously, moving the bar in a straight vertical line until your hip joint is lower than the top of your knee.
  • Finally, press the bar back up in a straight line by simultaneiously straighting you legs and hips to a standing position and then do it again.

Video Tutorial


Barbell Low Bar Squat Muscles

Target (Agonist)

  • Quadriceps


  • Adductor Magnus
  • Gluteus Maximus
  • Soleus

Dynamic Stabilizers

  • Gastrocnemius
  • Hamstrings


  • Erector Spinae
  • Levator Scapulae
  • Trapezius – Middle
  • Trapezius – Upper

Antagonist Stabilizers

  • Obliques
  • Rectus Abdominis
Image of the skeletal muscular system with the muscles used in the barbell low bar squat exercise highlighted in red and the rest in blue.

Benefits of Barbell Low Bar Squat

The Barbell Low Bar Squat is an excellent exercise for targeting the quadriceps muscles in a strength training or fitness routine. The barbell low bar squat involves the use of a barbell across the back of the shoulders to perform a deep squat. This exercise is great for targeting the quadriceps muscles, as it helps to build strength and muscle mass in the area. Additionally, this exercise helps to strengthen the core and improve balance and coordination throughout the body. Performing this exercise regularly can help to improve overall strength, power, and muscular endurance.

Tips for Performing Barbell Low Bar Squat

As the barbell low bar squat is a great exercise for developing strength and size, it’s important to ensure you are performing the exercise correctly in order to get the most out of your workout. To help you with this, here are a few tips to keep in mind when performing the barbell low bar squat.

  • Exercise Somewhere You Are Able To Check Out Your Technique In A Mirror. You need to have the ability to always keep effective technique on each rep, to be able to accomplish this you ought to have a way to check out and fix your technique.
  • You Must Have A Plan In The Event That You Cannot Conclude Your Final Repetition. This approach is most definitely significant for squatting and pressing, unlike deadlifts or curls were you can simply put the bar on the floor, you are under the bar and the ground. The preferred plan is to use safety bars and a partner. When you may not have either you are able to lift without using safety collars so that you can easily shed the weight if necessary. Nevertheless this could possibly get you unwelcome at your desired gym.
  • Slow Down Every Movement To About 5 Seconds Each Contraction And 4-6 Seconds For The Extension, To Speed Up Your Exercise Routine. In order to develop mass, you want to increase the amount of time under strain of your target muscle tissue. Going slower your execution will raise time under stress. Frequent research papers have revealed that 4-6 seconds extension and contraction is the ideal time that provides optimum benefit for creating muscle gains. You should add this process now and again, but not every time you train.

Benefits and Tips Video

Low Bar Squat Tips

Frequent Mistakes To Avoid

It is important to take proper precautions when performing the Barbell Low Bar Squat to ensure safety and maximize results. Below is a list of the most common mistakes people make when doing this exercise, which you should avoid at all costs.

  • Don’t use To Little or Too Much Resistance. Not enough, and you will not be sufficiently using your primary muscles, excess, and it will lead to cheating. Ensure you focus on your form.
  • Avoid The Urge To Try To Lift More Weight Than You Can Do Correctly. You’ll give up your technique and could cause a personal injury if you make an attempt to use more than you should.
  • It Is Best If You Don’t Execute The Same Exercises Each And Every Moment. Whenever people execute the exact same lift every workout ones muscle groups will be conditioned to accomplike that singular exercise effectively, but you will peak more rapidly.

Variations and Complementary Exercises

When it comes to working the same muscles as the Barbell Low Bar Squat, there are several variations, complementary, or alternative exercises that you can use. Below is a list of some of these exercises that you can choose from.

Graphic image of Barbell Narrow Squat.

Barbell Narrow Squat: The Barbell Narrow Squat is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Barbell Low Bar Squat. It works the quads and glutes more than the hips and hamstrings, making it a great variation for those looking for an extra challenge. The Barbell Narrow Squat requires you to keep your feet close together and your knees in line with your toes throughout the entire range of motion. This allows for a greater range of motion and improved stability, helping to increase muscular endurance. Additionally, the narrower stance puts less stress on the hips and lower back, making it an ideal choice for those with existing injuries or mobility issues.

Graphic image of Barbell Olympic Squat.

Barbell Olympic Squat: The Barbell Olympic Squat is a complementary or alternative exercise to the Barbell Low Bar Squat, and is an excellent way to increase lower body strength and power. This exercise is performed by placing a barbell across the shoulders and then squatting down as low as possible, before driving back up and repeating the motion. The Olympic Squat is great for developing lower body strength, power and stability, as well as targeting the glutes, hamstrings and quadriceps. Additionally, it is an excellent exercise for improving overall athleticism and mobility.

Graphic image of Barbell Quarter Squat.

Barbell Quarter Squat: The Barbell Quarter Squat is an effective exercise that can be used as a complementary or alternative exercise to the Barbell Low Bar Squat. This exercise targets the quads and glutes, just like the Barbell Low Bar Squat, but with a slightly different angle. By only descending to quarter of a squat, the movement is much shorter and more explosive, which can help to build power and strength. Additionally, this exercise requires less range of motion, so it’s better suited for those who have limited mobility in their hips or knees. Ultimately, the Barbell Quarter Squat is an excellent alternative or complementary exercise for the Barbell Low Bar Squat.

Check Out These Top Barbell Exercises

Graphic image of Barbell Squat to Shoulder Press.

Barbell Squat to Shoulder Press: Barbell Squat to Shoulder Press is an excellent complementary or alternative exercise to Barbell Low Bar Squat. It involves lifting a barbell from the floor and performing a squat, then pushing the barbell up to shoulder height and performing a shoulder press. The two exercises complement each other as they both target the same muscles in different ways, with the squat working the lower body and the shoulder press targeting the upper body. This exercise can help build strength and muscle in both the lower and upper body, making it a great choice for athletes looking to increase their overall fitness level.

Graphic image of Barbell Sumo Squat.

Barbell Sumo Squat: The Barbell Sumo Squat is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Barbell Low Bar Squat. This exercise targets the same muscles as the Barbell Low Bar Squat, but with a slightly different emphasis. The Sumo Squat works the quads, glutes, and hamstrings, and also requires core stability to maintain a good form. With the feet placed wider than shoulder width apart, and hands holding a barbell across the chest, the lifter must descend into a deep squat position and then push through the heels to stand back up. This exercise also increases hip mobility which can benefit athletes in many sports.

Graphic image of Barbell Zercher Squat.

Barbell Zercher Squat: The Barbell Zercher Squat is a great complementary or alternative exercise to the Barbell Low Bar Squat. This exercise involves holding the barbell in the crook of your elbows instead of on your shoulders. This shifts the weight from the spine to the arms, which can help reduce shoulder and lower back strain. Additionally, the Zercher Squat helps target different muscles than the Low Bar Squat, such as the glutes and core muscles, allowing for a greater range of muscle development and strength. To perform this exercise, stand with your feet slightly wider than shoulder width apart, keep your back straight, and carefully lower the barbell into the crook of your elbows. Maintaining a neutral spine, drive up through your heels to return to the standing position.

Opposing Complementary Exercises

In addition to the Barbell Low Bar Squat, there are a few other exercises you can incorporate into your workout routine to complement this exercise. These exercises are designed to work the opposing muscles of the Barbell Low Bar Squat, helping to build balance and strength in your body. Here are some exercises you can use to do this:

Graphic image of Barbell Walking Lunge.

Barbell Walking Lunge: Barbell Walking Lunge is a great exercise to complement the Barbell Low Bar Squat by using the opposing muscle group. It activates the glutes, hamstrings, quads, and core muscles to help build strength, balance, and stability. Unlike the Barbell Low Bar Squat, which primarily targets the quads and glutes, the Barbell Walking Lunge focuses on the hamstrings and core. By incorporating both of these exercises into your workout routine, you can help strengthen your entire lower body and improve your overall performance.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Lunge.

Dumbbell Lunge: The Dumbbell Lunge is a great exercise to complement the Barbell Low Bar Squat by targeting the opposing muscle groups. This exercise works the muscles in the legs, glutes, and core while engaging the hamstrings, calves, quads, and core. It is a great way to increase strength and stability in the lower body while promoting balance. By performing both exercises, you can ensure that all of the muscles in the lower body are being worked and strengthened, creating a more balanced and stronger physique.

Graphic image of Dumbbell Rear Lunge.

Dumbbell Rear Lunge: The Dumbbell Rear Lunge is a great complement to the Barbell Low Bar Squat, as it works the opposing muscle groups. This exercise targets the glutes, hamstrings, and calves, while the Barbell Low Bar Squat primarily works the quadriceps. When done together, these two exercises can help build strong legs and provide a balanced workout. The Dumbbell Rear Lunge also helps to increase flexibility, balance, and stability. By focusing on the opposing muscle groups, these two exercises can be used to create a comprehensive leg-strengthening routine.


The Barbell Low Bar Squat is an excellent exercise to help you get fit and reach your goals. You can work multiple muscles at the same time and the benefits are numerous. Just remember to keep your back straight, drive through your heels, and keep your core tight. If you make sure to avoid common mistakes like not keeping your back straight or leaning too far forward, you’ll be sure to get the most out of this exercise. Now, what are you waiting for? Get out there and start squatting! If you’re looking for more fitness tips, be sure to check out our other articles for more helpful advice.

References: Wikipedia | |

Pin image for barbell low bar squat post. With an image of a man performing the exercise on Top and a graphic of the exercise on the Bottom.

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